Pointing is a child’s first sentence Joint attention Joint Attention is the process of sharing one’s experience of observing an object or event, by following someone else’s gaze or pointing gestures. It is the mental progression from a two-some to a three-some, from 2-tracked to 3-tracked thinking. During the first 8 months a baby interacts with one ‘other’, i.e. he can either interact with another person OR with a toy, but not with both. This is called ‘shared attention’. Around […]

How to reduce the severity of a child’s autism? How to reduce the severity of a child’s autism? There are 6 Factors for positive outcomes as identified by ‘Ramey and Ramey 1998’: the earlier the better long-term (usually 2-3 years) and intensive, i.e. between 15-25 hours/week work directly with the child, about 2 hours/day, rather than parent-training only (as in EarlyBird), involving and coaching parents as the prime agents for change, recognition of each child’s individual differences, to take place […]

The child’s gestures are his meaning Gestural communication Long before a child learns to speak, i.e. for at least his first 15 months, he communicates by GESTURE: using his hands, fingers, pointing, giving, reaching, pushing away, … BODY LANGUAGE: moving his foot to say ‘do it again’, shrugging his shoulder, tilting his head, turning his body away/ towards you, … EYE and FACIAL expressions: smiles, laughter, frowns, focusing with interest, surprise faces, … and most importantly different TONES OF VOICE […]

DIRFloortime principles DIR-Floortime Principles: Circles of communication/interaction are the back and forth of non-verbal ‘ping-pong’ or turn-taking that is the basis of all conversation, and we want the child to take his part in the dialogue as much as possible, – which means that YOU must leave GAPS for HIM to take HIS turn. Our most important aim is to help the child to increase the number and complexity of circles of communication and for him to initiate and sustain […]

Every Child Can Learn Every child can learn, if our focus is on the child’s potential, i.e. on what the child CAN do rather than on what they cannot do, whatever his challenges, diagnosis or learning difficulties. With well enough informed help, a child who has missed out due to learning difficulties or other challenges can catch up with what he has missed out and continue to learn, whatever his diagnosis or developmental delay. If we can identify where the […]

What is DIRFloortime? What is DIR-Floortime? Floortime (www.floortime.org) is a child-centred approach that focuses on building relationships through interaction and play. Floortime is a specific technique to both follow the child’s natural emotional interests (lead) and at the same time challenge the child towards increasing mastery of his social, emotional and intellectual capacities. This means that the adult joins the child in what they are doing, rather than trying to teach the child what the adult wants them to do. […]